If you want to determine the properties of new materials, then establishing their electrical conductivity is one of the first basic measurements. CN Rood offers a range of basic instruments and solutions for measuring surface and volume resistance. Examples include highly sensitive current sources and current meters (Picoammeters), voltmeters (e.g. the Nanovoltmeter and Electrometer) and connections. Van-der-Pauw and Hall Effect instrumentation is available for measuring conduction and doping. We also offer capacitance versus voltage solutions for characterising oxides and insulating material.